Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Boris Vishnevsky: The lessons of symmetry. Why the Russian Foreign Ministry does not allow member of the PACE delegation to Russia

Novaya Gazeta, 28.05.2020

Photo by Vladimir Klopovsky, Obzor: Emanuelis Zingeris and Boris Nemtsov

Two years ago, in the summer of 2018, the deputy of the Sejm of the Republic of Lithuania and one of the most famous Lithuanian politicians Emanuelis Zingeris was banned from entering Russia for five years. Meanwhile, he was not going to come for sightseeing, but as a PACE special rapporteur to investigate the murder of Boris Nemtsov – to prepare materials for the report and interview Russian officials.

Russia is a member of the Council of Europe and is obliged to contribute to the preparation of the report. And then Zingeris was “notified” by the Russian Foreign Ministry about the ban, without explanation.

I then sent an inquiry to Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia Sergei Lavrov with a request to inform me what was the matter. The answer that came from Igor Neverov, [then] Director of the Second European Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, was for some reason marked “For official use only”, although there was no official secret in the response to the deputy’s request and cannot be any.


The Foreign Ministry confirmed that Zingeris was banned from entering Russia “as part of a response to the unfriendly actions of Lithuania”, which forbade a number of Russian politicians and officials from entering the country. Yes, they were banned – as part of the Magnitsky Act, as guilty of human rights violations. Zingeris neither violated human rights, nor organised and nor covered torture and lawlessness, but he is banned from entering Russia.


The Foreign Ministry also said that PACE adopted in 2014-15 resolutions limiting the powers of the Russian delegation, which is why it has not been able, since January 2016, to constantly participate in the work of PACE. If so, the visits of PACE rapporteurs to Russia are now “not being carried out.”


Indeed, the powers of the Russian delegation were limited after the annexation of Crimea and the conflict in eastern Ukraine. In June 2019, these powers were fully restored – after the foreign ministers of the Council of Europe member states called for all members of the organisation to be given equal rights, including participation in the work of the assembly.


In April 2020, I forwarded to Sergei Lavrov a new inquiry: since the main obstacle – of Russia’s non-participation in the work of PACE – is removed, inform me what measures the Foreign Ministry is taking to facilitate the visit of Zingeris, as PACE rapporteur, to Russia. How can he prepare a report without visiting Russia and without interviewing those who should be interviewed?


In May 2020, an answer came – also with the “For official use only” stamp — from Sergei Belyaev, the new Director of the Second European Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who verbatim repeated the first part of the previous answer: Zingeris was denied entry “as part of our response to the unfriendly actions of Vilnius”. And as soon as Lithuania removes these measures, “it will be possible to return to the question of Zingeris’s entry into the Russian Federation”.


A reminder that the Russian delegation has resumed working in PACE came “unnoticed” by the Foreign Ministry. And that’s why.


Zingeris did not intend to come to Russia as a deputy of the Sejm (in what capacity he was denied entry). He was going to come as a PACE rapporteur. The obligations of the member states of the Council of Europe under the PACE are higher than national sanctions.


That is why four Russian State Duma deputies, members of the Russian delegation to PACE – Leonid Slutsky, Leonid Kalashnikov, Igor Lebedev and Svetlana Zhurova – are allowed to PACE meetings in Strasbourg, despite the fact that they are under EU sanctions and are denied entry to France.


According to the diplomatic principle of reciprocity, PACE rapporteurs must also be allowed into the Council of Europe countries, even if they are under national sanctions (like Zingeris). And if this principle is not respected by one of the sides, then the other side has every right to take the same stance.


In other words, if the official position of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is not to let Zingeris enter Russia, the French authorities theoretically have every right not to let the listed “four” led by Mr. Slutsky into Strasbourg. They cannot be blamed for the symmetrical answer.


In general, what we see is a complete refusal of the Russian authorities to cooperate with international supervisory mechanisms in the Nemtsov case. Why do they act like that is quite obvious: they categorically do not want to allow an independent investigation into the murder of Nemtsov. As its true picture may be revealed.


And then a Mr. Zingeris will come and start asking public prosecutors questions: why, for example, at the time of Nemtsov’s murder, all the cameras on the Bolshoi Moskvoretsky bridge suddenly stopped functioning?


Or why in a country with enormous powers of the “siloviki” [the security and the law enforcement] they never managed to detain a man who could very well have been the organiser of the murder, but hid in Chechnya and turned out to be inaccessible to the law enforcement?


Or to what extent the investigation have studied the consequences of the version of a revenge on Nemtsov for his political views, activities and statements?


It is easier not to let Zingeris to enter Russia – and there are no problems.


In this case, there are no uncomfortable questions or unwanted answers.


Moreover, one cannot make him sign a “pledge of secrecy”.



Source: the Novaya Gazeta web-site



is Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party, member of Yabloko’s Federal Political Committee and head of the Yabloko faction in the St.Petersburg Legislative Assembly