Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

2015: the Results and the Prospects

392_300_25026_yabl_By Grigory Yavlinsky, 29.12.2015

The Ladmarks

The main events of the year were political reprisals against the dissenting: the murder of Boris Nemtsov and severe poisoning of Vladimir Kara-Murza who only miraculously escaped death.

The point of this year – the toughest pressure on the civil society for the past 30 years, the stake on the use of force in domestic and foreign polices – was focused in the very beginning [of the year]: the tragedy of February 27 [the murder of Boris Nemtsov].

Boris Nemtsov was a victim of the war. Russia was involved in the war, which turned into daily practices everywhere. It only seems that the war has now moved from Ukraine to Syria. Its center is in Moscow – in the way of thinking and behaviour of the authorities, the propaganda poisoning and corrupting the national consciousness, and deepening of the split in the society.

One of the operations of this war was the attack [by the Russian authorities] against Russia’s citizens. This year saw the adoption of repressive laws empowering the law enforcement and, in particular, [broadening their rights to] the use of weapons. The law allowing putting people into prison for violating the rules of holding rallies began to be applied. Galina Shirshina [Mayor of Petrozavodsk, Karelia] and Lev Shlosberg [regional MP from the Pkov region] elected by people were boldly ousted from the power bodies.

The developments took such a way that the feeling of that Russia’s loneliness in the world and insecurity of its citizens in front of numerous external and internal threats, from which the state is unable to protect them, has been growing.

It is symbolic that recently the murder of Boris Nemtsov has been announced not related to his public activities.

The symbolic murder of a prominent politician, the war in Ukraine and Syria drew a line under the era of the post-Soviet period, which began in 1991, and demonstrated a final failure of the entire post-Soviet modernisation. For the quarter of a century Russia has failed to embark on the creation of a modern democratic state and a functioning market economy.

In 2015, the country was rapidly moving in the opposite direction.

The Steps Towards a Precipice

Russia’s isolation in the world resulting from its gross and deliberate violation of international law took place. (See: “A Conscious Choice?” By Grigory Yavlinsky. Novaya Gazeta, 06.02.2015);

The blows hit on the Russian economy by its own official state policies, the inability of the country’s leadership to adequately and professionally assess the situation and act. In the conditions of such a regime, positive changes or reforms are impossible in principle. (See “The Economy Cannot Survive These Political Decisions” by Grigory Yavlinsky. Novaya Gazeta, 09.02.2015 ; “The Reform Is Impossible” by Grigory Yavlinsky. Vedomosti, 8.11.2015; “The Economic Strategy for the Peripheral System” Grigory Yavlinsky. Journal of the New Economic Association, No 2, p. 173; Speech at the Economics Faculty of Moscow State University, 17.11.2015).

The abrupt increase of vulnerability of Russian citizens after Russia entered the war in Syria over terrorism and the danger of armed conflicts. People were left alone, because the state showed that it was fighting against the West, helping Bashar al-Assad, and did not protect its citizens, did not use the possibilities to gain strong allies and create an effective anti-terrorist coalition. (See “After Paris, 11/13” by Grigory Yavlinsky. Vedomosti, 16.11.2015).

Accelerated degradation of the Russian elites, Russia has been steadily moving towards a big crisis and chaos throughout 2015. (See “The Path That Does Not Exist” by Grigory Yavlinsky. Novaya Gazeta, 19.10.2015. “Yavlinsky: Every Blind Man Thinks That the One Ahead of Him Is Not Blind. But All of Them Are Blind”, TV channel Rain, 24.11.2015).

A global change of cycles – technological, economic, financial and social – has been taking place in the world. But in Russia this even has not been discussed in practical terms (there are only a few publications): neither alternative energy, nor private space [flights], not virtual currency and related technologies… A new competition has started between the leading economies of the world, but Russia, with its archaic economic structure and totally dependent on exports of natural resources has extremely weak starting conditions. The emerging new paradigm of the world economic development leaves Russia behind, in the circle of the less developed countries with no prospects to further change his position.

Forecast for 2016

— low oil prices (See “Why Oil Can Drop to USD 20 per Barrel”, RBC, 16.01.2015);

— economic recession, the budget, the financial and the banking crisis;

— conflicts, abrupt deterioration of governability of the state;

— war and military and political gambling;

— toughening of the fight against opposition and civil society;

— increase in the number of serious mistakes made by the leadership of the country;

– decline in living standards;

– growth of social and political tension.

What Should Be Done?

There is only one possible way out of the situation: creation of a full-fledged political alternative:-





organisational and financial.

As long as the country does not see any alternative to Vladimir Putin there is no hope.

In the absence of an alternative the collapse of the regime resulting from its own mistakes will lead to chaos and possibly to even worse consequences.

If the alternative does not appear in the next year, it will be another step towards the abyss, and the situation is already such that any next step along the non-existing way may be the last one.

Creation of an alternative is a separate issue that will be central to the next year.