Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko proposes to fix in the Constitution prohibition of mercenarism, as well as abolishing of a сonscript army

Press Release, 2.03.2020

Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov sent a package of Yabloko amendments to the Constitution to the President, Speakers of the State Duma and the Federation Council, as well as to the heads of relevant committees of both houses of the parliament. It included four bills that the party had previously submitted through regional legislative assemblies, as well as two new laws on constitutional amendments regarding prohibition of mercenarism and the transition to a contract army, and fixing in the Constitution that torture is a grave crime.

On 2 March, the State Duma Committee on State Building and Legislation finishes accepting amendments to the bill on amendments to the Constitution. Yabloko has sent to the State Duma, as well as the Federation Council and the President, alternative proposals developed by the Public Constitutional Council on amending the Basic Law.


The first bill  “On War and Peace”, proposes to supplement the Constitution with Article 71.1, which provides for a ban on the activities of private military companies (such as Wagner Private Military Company) in Russia. According to Yabloko’s amendment, participation of Russian citizens in armed conflicts as mercenaries is prohibited and is a crime.


It is also proposed to supplement Article 87 of the Constitution with Part 4, which abolishes mandatory conscription of citizens to military service in peacetime and introduces the contract principle of recruitment for the army.


The proposed amendments to Article 101 of the Constitution give the Federal Assembly the duty to control the peaceful nature of Russia’s foreign policy and justifiability of the use of the army.


The amendment to Article 102 adds to the jurisdiction of the Federation Council decision-making on the issue of the operational use of armed forces outside the country. According to the Public Constitutional Council, in this case, the decision of the Federation Council on the use of armed forces should contain an indication of the territory and the period of use. In addition, the President will have to report to the Federation Council for the use of the army abroad.


“Despite the fact that the issues of war and peace are in the exclusive competence of the parliament, today it is excluded from the discussion and control of foreign military operations conducted by the Kremlin,” Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko and a member of the Public Constitutional Council, says. “The current resolution of the Federation Council gives President Putin the right to use the army anywhere and any time. Our amendments return these powers to the parliament.”


The second Yabloko’s bill, proposes to supplement Article 123 of the Constitution with a clause stipulating that torture represents a grave crime. An allegation of torture should be the basis for the immediate initiation of criminal proceedings. While the investigation into the torture is not completed, the court cannot be pronounce the verdict, the amendments run.


Four more bills were previously submitted to the legislative assemblies of the Astrakhan and the Pskov regions, the Republic of Karelia, Moscow and St. Petersburg, where Yabloko has deputies or factions. (In Astrakhan, Pskov and Karelia, the amendments were rejected, while in Moscow and St. Petersburg they have not been considered yet).


This package proposes to reduce the presidential term of office to four years, limit the powers of the head of state by the list provided for by the Constitution, introduce the election of members of the Federation Council, give the Federation Council the right to submit the candidacy of Public Prosecutor General, and the give to the State Duma the right to submit the candidacy of Prime Minister, empower deputies to pass a vote of no confidence to individual ministers, increase the number of judges of the Constitutional Court, restore the Supreme Arbitration Court, introduce the election of the chairpersons of courts by the judges, expand the right to jury trials and introduce the election of justices of the peace.