One of the founders of the YABLOKO party and its former
leader Grigory Yavlinsky believes that Russia for its full-fledged
developmens needs to turn back to the experience of the Constituent
Assembly that existed in 1917.
"We need to continue and complete the political transformation
we began in the spring of 1917 which was stopped by the coup
dТetat. The Constituent Assembly can become a fundamental
event in the construction of the modern Russian state. It
is the Constituent Assembly (in particular, in the form of
the Constitutional Assembly, as stipulated in the Constitution)
which is able to restore genuine RussiaТs statehood, "
runs the article
by Grigory Yavlinsky published at the website of the YABLOKO
According to the founder of the party, "we are facing
the challenge so that every citizen (except for completely
fringe people) should feel involved in this work either directly
or through their representatives Ц who should not be Уmade
upФ like those who are now sitting in the Duma (the Russian
parliament) and the Public Chamber, but real and legitimate."
He also notes that "the preparation of the Constituent
Assembly will be very complicated and lengthy."
"Very few people believe that this can happen in the
foreseeable future. However, the rejection of such a process
leads to a situation when future changes can be even more
radical, and probably even damaging. That is why, despite
of all, we should actively work over implementation of a non-violent
and constructive option,Ф Yavlinsky notes.
Assessing the current situation in Russia, Yavlinsky stated
that "the present Russian political regime, which emerged
after 1991 and shaped during in the past decade, has failed
to create a modern state resulting in an ongoing and steadily
deepening and insurmountable gap between the government and
people, the state and the society."
"I think that the situation which has developed by the
spring of 2011, begins threatening the very existence of Russia.
The government has been losing the remnants of formal democratic
legitimacy [which is demonstrated by their] systematic election
fraud. People do not vote for the United Russia not because
they do not support this party, but because people do not
care about it, and because it is a normal thing [to abstain
from voting]," runs YavlinskyТs article.
According to Yavlinsky, "lies and propaganda have remained
the key factor of the system; political thinking has become
frozen on the level of the beginning of the past century;
there has been no unequivocal condemnation of the state terror;
attempts in the line of Realpolitik to justify it have been
constantly made; the frameworks of the Soviet foreign policy
thinking model impede the development of such breakthrough
projects as the Russian-European missile defense; the majority
of "elite" discussing this subject thinks about
the past rather than future."
"The roots of this situation prone of a national disaster
lie in the nature and specifics of the Russian political system.
It is based on the bureaucratic nomenclature, a substitute
for the political and the business elite, which concentrated
in its hands power and property, and is inclined to fulfill
only one function of the government Ц keeping watch and ward,"
"It is not important politically who will be defined
and inaugurated as the President: Putin, Medvedev, or someone
else. The main thing is that the system will remain unchanged
- illegitimate, politically and economically inefficient,
humiliating for the citizens and depriving them of the rights.
Social life is characterised by the lack reality, it is substituted
endless "simulatorsФ. Diversity of opinions and style
is substituted by the tandem, modernisation by the Skolkovo
village (the Russian Silicon Valley), games and championships,
a multiparty system is replaced by the most boring Kremlin
projects ", - writes the former leader of the YABLOKO
According to Yavlinsky, "a disbalance in politics, law,
social situation, industry and infrastructure may lead in
some time to such consequences that will surpass the turmoil
of 1991," and, therefore, "there a fundamental,
qualitative change of this system is needed."