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Alexei G. Arbatov

Deputy Chairman of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO
Member of the Bureau of the Federal Council of the YABLOKO party
Member of the Federal Council of the YABLOKO party

Biography Publications and translations
Work on draft laws in the State Duma Deputy's Inquiries and Addresses
Contact address References to other websites

Born on January 17, 1951, Russian. Higher education: graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, specialist in international relations.

1976-1994 - researcher, senior researcher, leading specialist, sector head, department head of the Institute of the World Economy and International Relations of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow. Doctor of history.

1993-1995 - Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the first convocation.

In 1995 elected to the State Duma of the second convocation from the federal electoral district Yabloko (No 7 in the list). Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, member of the Defence Committee of the State Duma. Chairman of the Subcommittee for International Security and Arms Limitations.

On December 19, 1999 elected Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the third convocation on the federal list. Deputy Chairman of the Defence Committee of the State Duma. Heads Commission for Defence, Security and Ratification of International Treaties. Member of the Council of the Yabloko faction.

Publications and translations

Publications in Russian see at http://www.yabloko.ru/Persons/arbat.html

Alexei Arbatov: 'Any Use of Force Creates Problems.'
Interview with Alexei Arbatov, Head of the Russian Academy of Sciences Center for International Security, by Yuliya Petrovskaya, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, September 27, 2004

...international terrorism "is the number one threat for Russia. But the whole problem is that our Army and Navy take only minimal responsibility for this threat.
...Israel,.. France, Britain, and Germany have great experience in combating terrorism. We should cooperate with these countries first."

Alexei Arbatov questions sense in Putin's reform plans
Ekho Moskvi radio station, September 16, 2004

Arbatov criticized the increased centralization of power at the expense of other branches of government. He said that Russia had been following "this path for the last four years and the terrorism situation has been getting worse and worse and worse". Arbatov said that Russia should go in the other direction and increase control over security structures.

There Can Be No Good and Bad Guys Among Terrorists
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Tamara Zamyatina, Echo Planeti, No 14, 2004

In general, and I am stressing it once again, Israel was right to liquidate Ahmed Yasin. My only criticism is that they should have done this much earlier.

Arbatov Sees Risk of Terror
The Associated Press, February 4, 2004

A prominent Russian liberal politician said Tuesday that a white powder found in the U.S. Senate that appears to be the deadly poison ricin was a grim reminder of the lurking danger of terrorists getting hold of weapons of mass destruction.

Russia's gloomy lawmakers admit decade of Kremlin domination
AFP, December 3, 2003

Arbatov said he had few doubts that Putin's aides were orchestrating the election's results and brushed aside suggestions that Russia has made major progress toward a Western-style democracy since the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991.

The Defence Minister Surrounded by Generals
Interview with Alexei Arbatov, Deputy Chairman of the Defence Committee of the State Duma by Irina Gordyenko, Novaya Gazeta, October 20, 2003

Nobody needs such a huge army in peace time. The US Army is 1.3 million men strong, and that is too much for the Americans, even though their economy is ten times the size of Russia's economy and military budget is twenty times that of Russia's

Until the Election the Duma Will Not Allow the Next Generation to Get into Formation.
Novaya Gazeta, October 13, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: The General Staff has drawn the following conclusion: the deferral of military service should be abolished to ensure that everyone is recruited to the army.

Alexei Arbatov: General Staff prepares for a yesterday's war
Press release, October 3, 2003

"Here we have to listen to what we already heard ten or twenty years ago. Even though the main enemy is not named, it is obvious that the USA and NATO are still considered the main enemies."

Yabloko Party Vice Chairman Alexei Arbatov: General Staff Preparing for Global Nuclear War
Rosbalt, October 3, 2003

Arbatov said that it was evident from the statements that as in the past the US and NATO are considered to represent the main threat to Russia.

One War Is Not Enough
By Alexei Nikolsky, Vedomosti, October 3, 2003

Alexei Arbatov (Yabloko), deputy chairman of the Duma Defense Committee, says this document is far too controversial to be regarded as a military doctrine.

Alexei Arbatov: the military budget of the country should be bigger and made more transparent
Press release, September 10, 2003

"...It is impossible to conduct serious discussions of the military reforms in the present conditions, when 90% of the information on our military policy is made secret."

Stagnation and Profanation
By Natalia Rozhkova, Vremya Novostei, June 23, 2003

The Yabloko thinks it is possible to combine conscription with contractors for only one or two years while the reform is being carried out.

A Nuclear Bomb in Stars and Stripes. Deputies Ordered to reduce them
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Marina Ozerova, Moskovskiy Komsomolets, May 15, 2003

Yesterday the State Duma ratified the Treaty on the Reduction of Offensive Potential, which was signed a year ago by Presidents Putin and Bush.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 23, 2003

Arbatov noted that the conflict over Iraq "has exposed differences in the two countries' approaches to solving key problems of international security and stability."

Russia reexamining its military
By David Filipov, Boston Globe, May 9, 2003

... the generals have resisted rapid change, and the Russian Army today is merely a stripped down, impoverished version of what it has been for decades -- a massive, unwieldy conscript force built for 20th century battles on the plains of Europe, with too many generals and not enough battle-ready troops.

Under a Single Umbrella
By Alexei Arbatov, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, April 7, 2003

The unfolding drama of the war in Iraq has pushed less sensational problems to the background, even though these problems may be extremely important in the long term.

Alexei Arbatov: "Election at war time is nonsense."
By Natalya Gorodetskaya, Politburo, March 31, 2003

The voting won't provide an answer as to whether there is a state of emergency in Chechnya today or not; whether you can stop anyone at a control post, asking for bribes or not; whether you can arrest people without the authorization of a public prosecutor or not, etc: This means that the referendum has not resolved the conflict - and there has been a conflict - between the military and the population.

Alexei Arbatov: United States Will Ask Russia, Europe and the UN for Help
Interview with Alexei Arbatov, Vremya Novostei, March 20, 2003
It's too late to change anything now. We should have understood last autumn that Saddam Hussein's regime would not survive, and started looking for other solutions to the problem of weapons of mass destruction and replacing the regime, without a war.

Split Develops in Russian Policy towards Iraq Crisis
By Igor Torbakov, eurasianet.org, March 18, 2003
While most in Moscow believe that a war with Iraq will seriously damage Russian interests, a split is developing over how Russia should respond to the imminent outbreak of war. One side appears ready to continue opposition to US military action, while the other says that Russia ought to embrace a realpolitik approach, and cooperate with the inevitable.

The Iraqi Crisis: the Moment of Truth.
By Alexei Arbatov, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, No. 40, March 1, 2003

The situation around Iraq has entered a final pre-war stage. For the whole world, the moment of truth is at hand. The outcome of the crisis is set to determine both regional and global politics for years to come, with repercussions ranging from relationships among the leading powers to the prospects of global law and order, to the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and fighting international terrorism.

The Expenditures Are Typical of War Rather Than an "Operation"
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Irina Gordiyenko
Novaya Gazeta, November 18, 2002

Alexei Arbatov, member of the State Duma commission for reviewing federal budget expenditures allotted to defence and security issues of the Russian Federation, told us about the specifics of the formation of the "budget of war".

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

We need to review the course of action we have pursued in Chechnya over the past three years - the military, economic, and political aspects. Look, even the Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov recently referred to events in Chechnya as "a war" - previously, the official term was "counter-terrorist operation". This indicates that events are getting out of control.

The War against Terrorism and the Transformation of the World Order, three perpesctives
By Alexei G. Arbatov, CEPS Commentary, November 2001

...two months later after the "Black September", the weaknesses of the coalition and deficiencies of the operation are becoming more and more evident, as well as the confusion and inconsistency of the United States and other major players in adopting a new security strategy and still less in implementing it... (Archive)

Alexei G. Arbatov, The Transformation of Russian Military Doctrine: Lessons Learned from Kosovo and Chechnya , The Marshall Center Papers, No. 2
The George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies takes great pride in presenting this second edition of the Marshall Center Papers. Dr. Alexei G. Arbatov's paper, "The Transformation of Russian Military Doctrine: Lessons Learned from Kosovo and Chechnya," continues our tradition of publishing monographs that are current and challenging, even when they may prove controversial. This series has been specifically created to disseminate scholarly monographs that explore and influence the resolution of Atlantic-European-Eurasian security issues. Dr. Arbatov's paper provides an authoritative analysis of national security thinking in Moscow, as well as some pointed suggestions on how to improve relations between Russia and the West.

Remarks of Alexei G. Arbatov, Deputy Chair, Defense Committee, State Duma of Russian Federation, Carnegie Moscow Center-sponsored seminar on START-ABM Treaties, 24 May 2000
Russia, as you are aware, ratified START II and the New York documents last April. The United States ratified the START II Treaty in 1996. Now we find ourselves in a quite strange situation. Both the United States and Russia ratified START II, but they ratified absolutely different treaties

A War for Three
The decision of the Yugoslavian parliament to join the union of Russia and Belarus presented another puzzle to the international community. What kind of move was this?

Race to be first, Obschaya Gazeta, June 17-23, 1999
After the recent adoption of the UN Security Council resolution on dispatching peacemaking forces to Kosovo, NATO had to conduct negotiations with the Russian Federation on the composition, functions, sectors under control, co-operation and financing of the contingents they send.

DM's David Johnson talks with Alexei Arbatov, member of the Russian Parliament, for "Russia's Nuclear Crisis", January 11, 1999
So to summarize, I am extremely concerned about the way the relationship between Russia and the United States is going forward. And on top of that, both inside the United States and inside Russia, there is a quickly shrinking constituency for our cooperation and improvement of our relationship. And the political groups which are very hostile to another country are gaining momentum.

A. Arbatov, "The Russian Military in the 21st Century", Pennsylvania, 1997

Work on draft laws in the State Duma
09.03.99/25 "On the Financing of the Strategic Nuclear Arms Forces of the Russia nFederation for the Period up to 2001"

"On Civil Control and Management over Military Organisation and Activity in the Russian Federation"

15.04.99/11 "On Amendments and Additions to the Federal Law "On the Federal Budget for 1999".

Deputy's Inquiries and Addresses

21.02.97 - inquiry on non-implementation of the law "On Social Protection of Citizens Exposed to Radiation Due to the Chernobyl Disaster" and Government Resolution "On the Procedure for Providing Compensation and Concessions to Individuals Subjected to Radiation"

15.03.97 - inquiry regarding the failure of the Government to determine a mechanism for taking the border registration fee, envisaged by the law "On the State Border".

15.03.97 - request for the urgent submission to the State Duma of the concept and development programmes, reductions and utilisation of nuclear weapons and corresponding expenditures. Without these materials, it would have been impossible to prepare for ratification of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty - 2 (START-2).

Contact address

Moscow, Okhotny Ryad 1, of.10-28

tel/fax: (095) 292-80-23

References to other websites
A. Arbatov at the PRODEMO server
A. Arbatov at the server of the State Duma of the Russian Federation
A. Arbatov at the National News Service (NSN) server

A. Arbatov at the IIC "Panorama" server.

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