| The Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO expresses its deep
concern in view of the new aggravation of the situation around
Iran’s nuclear problem.
A secret construction of the second Iran’s uranium enrichment
plant, which the world public has learned about, shows that
Teheran continues its course towards challenging the UN, as
well as regional and global security. New tests of ballistic
missiles, including medium-range Shahab-3, have shifted the
crisis into a dangerous phase.
Iran’s development of the nuclear fuel cycle technologies,
enrichment of uranium in the first place, will arm it with
a potential for accelerated development of nuclear weapons;
albeit Iran does not have and is not planning to have such
a number of nuclear power stations which would make the development
of Iran’s nuclear fuel cycle economically feasible. (Even
a single nuclear power station build with Russia’s assistance
in Busher can use only certified fuel produced by Rosatom).
This together with missiles development raises suspicions
that Iran may have nuclear military plans.
Long-term concealed construction of the first uranium enrichment
plant by Natanz and a number of other technical activities
were acknowledged incompatible with IAEA guarantees and the
Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). This conditioned
adoption in 2006-2008 of five UN Security Council resolutions
demanding Iran to stop uranium enrichment and submit to the
IAEA full information on its nuclear programme. However, Iran
did not fulfill these resolutions.
Information on the second secret plant by Qom, which was built
simultaneously with Iran’s negotiations with IAEA and the
six states (five permanent members of the UN Security Council
and Germany) and was accompanied by Iran’s reassurances of
alleged complete openness of its nuclear programme, totally
breaks the myth of Iran’s peaceful intentions.
Iran’s tests of medium-range missiles taking place right after
the recent decision of US President to abolish the plans on
construction of an ABM system in the Chech Republic and Poland
can only be assessed as a provocation and a service to the
opponents of this decision in the US and Eastern Europe. In
addition, this represents an obvious attempt to quarrel the
US and Russia and disrupt the nacent improvement of relations
between them. Obviously, Iran is trying to make Washington
return to the strategic BRD plans in Europe so that to provoke
a new aggravation of Russian-American discrepancies and continue
playing on these pursuing its own goals.
Iran’s procession of nuclear weapons presents considerable
threats for the national interests of Russia, the USA, the
EU countries and the entire civilised world. Russia
can not allow being turned into a target of nuclear blackmail
from another neighbouring state. This already can not be regarded
as a purely technical issue or a problem in the field of international
law. The recent launches of missiles transfer this problem
into political and military fields for Russia. The fact that
a closed and unpredictable Iran’s regime possesses missile
weapons and its demonstratively testing them should get into
the focus of attention of Russia’s top political leaders,
its military and its security services.
In addition, Iran’s obtaining of nuclear weapons will finally
destruct the NPT, provoke a chain reaction of nuclear proliferation
in the region and beyond, create a real possibility for the
use of nuclear weapons in a regional war and getting of this
weapon into the hands of international terrorists.
Also, if there is only one possibility left to stop Iran,
i.e. by military force on behalf of the US and (or) Israel,
such a way of developments will also contradict Russia’s interests,
as well as international security. This will result in formation
of a huge zone of conflicts and terrorism stretching from
Palestine to the Hindu Kush, in a close proximity to the borders
of Russia and the CIS with all the corresponding consequences.
The risks of war in the Gulf has become real more than ever.
At present we are observing a situation when it is Russia’s
position which determines whether Iran will have nuclear weapons
or whether a great war in the Middle East will take place.
It is inefficient to hope to get new proofs of peaceful intentions
from Iran, which President Medvedev has recently demanded
from Iran. The potential of double technologies, uranium enrichment
inclusive, implies that today such a technology can be used
for peaceful purposes (and IAEA inspections can provide evidence
of this); whereas tomorrow a political decision will be taken
and nuclear weapons will be developed on this basis within
the shortest terms. And it will be too late to adopt measures
against a violating country then.
At present Iran has only one way to prove its peaceful intentions
– to fully implement the resolutions of the UN Security Council,
particularly by ceasing to increase the number of centrifuges
and stopping the functioning ones, as well as completely opening
all the facilities, documentation, technologies and materials
for IAEA inspections. Russia’s resolved stance to support
the toughest sanctions of the UN Security Council is the only
way to make Iran change its polices. If Russia takes this
position, China will not dare to alone oppose four other permanent
members of the UN Security Council.
The Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO thinks
that it is high time for Russia to take a principled position,
stop lulling itself about Iran’s intentions, as well as break
Iran’s tactics of playing on discrepancies between the great
superpowers and using Russia in its own interests contradicting
to the international security goals. Considerable
progress in the development of a joint ABM system for protection
of Russia, USA and their allies will serve as an additional
warning for the countries aspiring to obtain nuclear missile
Only in this case can there be a revision of Teheran’s course
and realistic groups in its leadership will be able to strengthen
their position. Inspected stopping and dismantling of Iran’s
military and double nuclear technologies programme will facilitate
development of its mutually beneficial relations with Russian
and other countries and rise in its welfare and economy, including
creation of an absolutely peaceful nuclear energy sector.
SPEECH AT THE MEETING WITH US PRESIDENT BARAK OBAMA. Key Notes,
Moscow, July 7, 2009