Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Hijacking of a foreign plane with the aim of kidnapping one’s opponents is an outrageous international crime

Statement by the Yabloko Bureau, 27.05.2021

Photo: Alexei Alexandrov / RIA Novosti

On 23 May, 2021, an act of state terrorism was committed in Belarus.

On the direct order by Alexander Lukashenko, a passenger plane of the Irish airline Ryanair flying over Belarus was landed in Minsk with the help of deceit (false information about a bomb) and threats (a scrambled military fighter jet).

After that, the Belarusian KGB detained Roman Protasevich, an opposition journalist and former editor of the Telegram channel NEXTA, and Russian citizen Sofya Sapega. Both of them are arrested.

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Yabloko’s Alexander Kobrinsky about defending those detained at rallies in St. Petersburg

Press Release, 26.05.2021

Photo: Alexander Kobrinsky / Photo from the personal archive

During unpermitted rallies on 23 and 31 January, the majority of those detained were in St. Petersburg. St.Petersburg police not only dispersed peaceful people with inexplicable cruelty, but also drove them into police vans by hundreds, so that to draw up protocols of violation of the law and take them to court.

The Yabloko party has never called on people to go to unpermitted actions, however, the party has  always helped those who were detained at such actions and found themselves in a difficult situation.

Alexander Kobrinsky, a lawyer and one of the leaders of the Petersburg branch of Yabloko, has been defending detainees in courts for over 15 years. And now, after the January events, he defended people in more than ten cases. Not a single case was lost: five cases were closed due to lack of corpus delicti, in one case a previously assigned fine was canceled in the court of the higher instance. The rest of the cases are still in progress, but the defender hopes for a successful outcome.

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Yabloko members Viktor Shalyakin and Vitaly Bovar, detained at the municipal deputies congress, received fines

Press Release, 25.05.2021

Photo: Vitaly Bovar (right) / Photo from Vitaly Bavar’s Facebook page

Late in the evening of 24 May, the Novgorod District Court imposed fines on Viktor Shalyakin, the Chairman of the Novgorod branch of Yabloko, and Vitaly Bovar, the Deputy Chairman of the Council of Deputies of the St. Petersburg municipality Vladimirsky District. Yabloko members participated in the municipal deputies congress (Zemsky Congress) convened in Novogod on 22 May and dispersed by police. According to the court, Yabloko members violated Article 19.3 Part 1 of the Administrative Code (“Defiance to a lawful order of a police officer…”) Viktor Shalyakin and Vitaly Bovar, and fines amounting to 3,000 roubles were imposed on them.

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“Acad. Sakharov said that dialogue can be a solution to any problem.” An exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Academician opened in the Yabloko office

Press Release, 21.05.2021

Full video recording of the opening:

An exhibition dedicated to the centenary of the outstanding Soviet academic and human rights defendert Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov opened in the Moscow office of the Yabloko party. An exhibition of photographs and quotes of Acad. Sakharov was prepared by the Sakharov Centre * and was to be opened in Chistoprudny Boulevard in the centre of Moscow. However, at the last moment, the Moscow authorities refused to give a permission for the exhibition. The Yabloko party offered its office space for the exhibition.

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Nikolai Rybakov: “I demand to stop police pressure on the leaders of the Novgorod branch of Yabloko and release all the detainees”.

Statement by the Yabloko Chairman, 24.05.2021

Photo from the Anna Cherepanova Facebook page

On Saturday, 22 May, the authorities of Novgorod (North-West Russia) carried out another police action targeted at the intimidation of civil society. The unlawful dispersal of the congress of municipal deputies from different Russian cities (Zemsky Congress) and the detention of its organisers correspond to the trend towards a general ban on mass political events in our country. The events in Novgorod became another proof that there is no constitutionally guaranteed freedom of assembly in Russia.

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International conference dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Academician Andrei Sakharov

Full video recording and Press Release, 22.05.2021

On 21 May, the birthday of Academician Andrei Sakharov, Yabloko held an international zoom-conference dedicated to his centenary.

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Airplane hijacked: any criminal and terrorist methods without any restrictions will be used in Belarus and Russia

Grigory Yavlinsky’s Facebook page, 23.05.2021

Photo: Roman Protasevich /Photo from social networks

Opposition journalist Roman Protasevich [from Belarus] was kidnapped by special services in Minsk. For this purpose, a passenger plane of the Irish airline Ryanair flying over Belarus was forced to land at the Minsk airport by means of provocation (under the pretext of an allegedly planted bomb in the plane) and with the help of a scrambled military fighter jet.

What happened represents state air terrorism, an insolent international crime. Alexander Lukashenko ordered the hijacking of a foreign civilian plane to kidnap a political opponent. All responsibility for the act of international aviation terrorism rests with Lukashenko and the Belarusian regime. There is no doubt that there will be international consequences.

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Police came to the office of the Saratov branch of Yabloko. The police plans to bring the Chair of the regional party office to administrative responsibility

Press Release, 24.05.2021

Photo: Ksenia Sverdlova / Photo by the Press Service of the Saratov branch of Yabloko

Police officers came to the office of the Saratov branch of Yabloko. The police said that they were looking for the Chair of the regional branch of the party, Ksenia Sverdlova, so that to bring her to administrative responsibility, but refused to cite the article of the Administrative Code, according to which they plan to bring the politician to responsibility.

Read more »

The Defender

To the 100th anniversary of Academician Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 21.05.2021

Photo: Andrei Sakharov. The 1st Congress of People’s Deputies of the USSR, 1989

The prosperity of Russia is possible only if our country develops as a free and democratic state. This condition was once very precisely formulated by Academician Sakharov. Andrei Dmitriyevich is not with us for over three decades, but this thesis has become increasingly more relevant. Today it is already obvious that this key condition is the imperative for the development of our country.

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A photo exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Acad. Andrei Sakharov banned by the Moscow Mayor’s Office will be held at the Yabloko office

Press Release, 20.05.2021

Photo: Academician Andrei Sakharov / Photo by Sergei Guneyev, RIA Novosti

The photo exhibition of the Andrei Sakharov Center* “Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov: Anxiety and Hope”, which will not take place in Chistoprudny Boulevard due to the ban of the Moscow Mayor’s Office, will be held at the central office of the Yabloko party (31 bldg. 2, Pyatnitskaya Street).

Yabloko was preparing its own photo exhibition for the 100th anniversary of the outstanding Soviet academic and human rights activist Andrei Sakharov. It was supposed to open on his birthday, 21 May. However, when it became known about the refusal of the Moscow Mayor’s Office to approve the exhibition in Chistoprudny Boulevard, Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov turned to the Director of the Andrei Sakharov Centre, Sergei Lukashevsky, with a proposal to host the exhibition in the party office in the centre of Moscow.

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Women’s election campaigns. History of success. An online conference in the Yabloko Party University

Press Release, 19.05.2021

Photo: Emilia Slabunova, MP of the Legislative Assembly of Karelia, and Yelena Rusakova, head of the municipal district Gagarinsky, Moscow / Photo by the Press Service of the Moscow branch of Yabloko

On May 27, the Yabloko Party University will hold a conference (in Zoom) dedicated to successful election campaigns of women candidates at different levels. The conference will begin at 19:00.

Is there any specifics of women’s participation in elections? Are there topics that women candidates pay special attention to? How do voters react to them? What is the secret of success?

Read more »

For the first time Yabloko received over 10% in the elections to the Saratov Regional Duma

Press Release, 18.05.2021

Photo: Campaign leaflet by Ksenia Sverdlova

By-elections to the regional parliament of the Saratov region took place past week-end. Yabloko’s candidates ran in three of the four vacant single-mandate constituencies. Ksenia Sverdlova, Chair of the regional department of Yabloko, ran in the Volzhsky district, Ilya Kozlyakov, Deputy Chairman of the party branch, ran in Kalininsky district, and Dmitry Lepensky ran in Marksovsky district. The total number of voters in the three districts was 250,000 people. The single slogan of the campaign was “It is time for the smart. Time for the honest. Yabloko’s time”.

Ksenia Sverdlova summed up the campaign results on her Facebook page:

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Discrimination based on political views is becoming cynical, open and widespread. Where is the Public Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation?

Blog post by Emilia Slabunova, 17.05.2021

Photo by yuplex/

The trade union of the Moscow metro reports mass dismissals of workers – at least 50 people lost their jobs since the beginning of May. However, different figures are quoted: 100 and 200 people. They differ, since not everyone has yet applied to the trade union for protection. The dismissed associate this with their political position – they registered on the web-site in support of Alexei Navalny, and the data from the web-site had previously leaked to the Internet.

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After a member of the Kursk branch of Yabloko applied to the Public Prosecutor’s Office, the refusal of the local authorities to give a permission to a picket in the Pristensky district was declared unlawful

Press Release, 17.05.2021

Photo from the official web-site of the Pristensky District municipality

The Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Kursk Region recognised the refusal of the local authorities to give a permission for a single picket in the village of Pristen as unreasonable and unlawful. The Public Prosecutor’s Office found that the refusal of the authorities violated the requirements of Articles 7 and 12 of Federal Law No 54 “On rallies, demonstrations, processions, and picketing”, as well as a loose and incorrect interpretation of Clause 16 of the Governor’s Order No. 60-rg “On the introduction of a high alert regime”. Based on the violations revealed, the Public Prosecutor’s Office made a submission to the head of the village, Vadim Katykhin, to amend the violation.

Yan Furtsev, a member of the Kursk branch of Yabloko, disputed the unlawul refusal of the local authorities in the Public Prosecutor’s Office.

Read more »

Grigory Yavlinsky: Where are the dividends of oil and gas concerns going and how to make pensions of Russian citizens worthy

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 14.05.2021

Speaking in the State Duma, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said that the amount of dividends that Russian companies brought abroad in 2019 amounted to 4.3 trillion roubles (these are passive incomes of companies, dividends, interest, royalties, and rent payments).

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On the inadmissibility of persecuting students for political reasons

Congress Resolution No. 409, published on 14.05.2021

To: The Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation

The Russian Union of Rectors

Heads of institutions of higher education of the Russian Federation


Persecution of university students for their civic and political activity has become more frequent in Russia.

Those who openly express their civil and political stance with is undesirable for to the authorities, take part in protests, and speak out in defence of political prisoners, are expelled from universities under far-fetched pretexts, depriving them of the opportunity to get a higher education.

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The Yabloko Party University will host a lecture on feminism in Russia by Alyona Popova

Press Release, 12.05.2021

Photo: Alyona Popova / Photo from Alyona Popova’s personal Facebook page


On Tuesday, 18 May, lawyer Alyona Popova will give a lecture for the students of the Yabloko Party University and Yabloko’s Gender School on the topic “Feminism in Russia: the System’s Struggle Against Equality, Why Are the Authorities Afraid of Women?” The lecture will be held via Zoom and will begin at 19:00.

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Yabloko expresses condolences to the families of those killed during an attack on Kazan School No. 175

Press Release, 12.05.2021

The Yabloko party expresses deep condolences to the families of those killed in Kazan School No. 175 and wishes a speedy recovery to the injured.

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The Gender Faction of the Yabloko party took part in a conference on gender equality

Press Release, 11.05.2021

On April 28, Olga Radayeva, First Deputy Chair of the Gender Faction of the Yabloko party, took part in an online conference on gender equality organised by Svensk Ungdom (Finland) and Civic Forum (Belarus).

Five speakers shared their experience of defending women’s rights in their countries: Ellinor Juth (Svensk Ungdom, Finland), Marina Korzh (Feminist movement “March Babe!”, Belarus), Olga Radayeva (Gender Faction of the Yabloko party, Russia), Olena Stadnik- Stefurak (European Youth of Ukraine, Ukraine), Ghena Ayach (Future Youth Movement, Lebanon).

The speakers told about their organisations, the situation with women’s rights, positive and negative trends in the field of gender equality in their countries, what problems in the field of gender equality came to the forefront in their countries, which legislative acts contributed to the achievement of gender equality, and which on the contrary, slowed down the process.

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After Emilia Slabunova applied to the Public Prosecutor’s Office, thousands of Petrozavodsk parents received compensation for the kindergarten

Press Release, 11.05.2021

Photo by Paha_L/depositphotos

Parents of children in the Prionezhsky District of the Republic of Karelia and Petrozavodsk have been finally paid in full the parental compensation for raising a child in kindergarten (for missed days) which is due to them according to the law. This is stated in the response of the Public Prosecutor’s Office to the appeal of Emilia Slabunova, a deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Karelia from Yabloko.

In the Prionezhsky district, a recalculation was carried out and 45 parents received the corresponding compensations. In Petrozavodsk, recalculation was made for 13,738 parents.

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