Failures in Chechnya may lead to the collapse of the whole official
political structure in Russia
|The leader of Yabloko Grigory Yavlinsky is
convinced that the stability of the present government in
Russia " depends 90% on developments in Chechnya".
At a press conference at the offices of
Interfax in Moscow on December 17, 1999, Grigory Yavlinsky
said that "virtually the whole official political structure
in Russia is based on the war in Chechnya." "In
my opinion this is a very unstable political structure",
stressed Grigory Yavlinsky.
According to Yavlinsky, if the army sustains
significant setbacks in Chechnya: "this will lead to
the collapse of the whole official political structure in
Russia". And this in turn will be a very difficult
moment, as the formation of the new Duma was based on this
In general, Grigory Yavlinsky noted that
many of the provisions of the Yabloko's declaration on Chechnya
"have already become a political base for Prime Minister
Putin and the Minister for Extraordinary Situations Sergei
Shoigu. "Developments that four weeks ago seemed absolutely
impossible have become policy today", said Grigory
Grigory Yavlinsky also thinks that "the
war and campaign in Chechnya have become a factor of the
election campaign in Russia"
According to Yavlinsky, the political forces
and parties participating in the elections "have directly
used this campaign in Chechnya to enhance their ratings
and implant of nationalistic and populist moods".
Grigory Yavlinsky also said that the "Union
of Right Wing Forces" sets a perfect example. It exploited
the war in Chechnya directly to disseminate the idea of
violence as a way of enhancing its own rating".
Grigory Yavlinsky believes
that the federal budget for 2000 will have to be revised
The leader of Yabloko Grigory Yavlinsky
thinks that the federal budget for 2000 will have to be
revised during its implementation. He expressed this opinion
at a press conference on December 17, 1999.
According to Yavlinsky, the economic situation
in the country has changed since the drafting of the budget,
adding that "if the Government is to implement any
economic programme at all in 2000, amendments will have
to be made to the budget".
Grigory Yavlinsky thinks that the amendments
that needed to be made to the budget will also concern taxes.
At the same time Yavlinsky noted that "it
is unlikely that any budgetary adjustments will be made
before the presidential elections".
Referring to the alternative budget for
2000 developed by the Yabloko faction, Yavlinsky stressed
that Yabloko "would insist on the principles envisaged
in this document". He added that Yabloko would continue
drafting alternative budgets in the new Duma.
Yabloko's leader noted that at the last
meeting with Prime Minister Vladimir Putin they had also
discussed Yabloko's alternative budget. According to Yavlinsky,
he reached agreement was reached with the Prime Minister
that discussions on the budget developed by Yabloko would
continue, especially with regards to taxation issues.
Based on Interfax information.
"Yabloko will form the Government in 2000"
Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of the public
political association, Yabloko, is certain that Yabloko
will form the federal Government in Russia in 2000, after
the elections of the President of Russia.
"This is our minimum programme",
said Grigory Yavlinsky at a press conference in St Petersburg
on December 16, 1999.
Grigory Yavlinsky also said that he could
see no possibility of forming a coalition government.
"I don't know what such a government is and I think
that the formation of the Cabinet should be based on the
professionalism of candidates, rather than "two of
each species", the politician added. In his opinion,
the most important goal involves "uniting people
with the same ideas on the basis of Yabloko's economic
Speaking about the Duma pre-electoral
campaign in Russia, Yavlinsky expressed his fear of an
"increase in the separatist trends promoted by the
heads of some federation subjects from the "Fatherland
- All Russia" bloc (the OVR)".
In particular, Grigory Yavlinsky termed
as dangerous the actions of one of the OVR leaders Vladimir
Yakovlev, the Governor of St Petersburg, "who virtually
called on the citizens to disobey the federal laws and
Constitution of the RF".
According to Grigory Yavlinsky, today
Yabloko has become the only political force in St Petersburg
"which speaks against the Governor's arbitrary rule
and illegal actions'. He stressed that "the issue
of who will and who should head the city is not essential
here, simply Yabloko opposes any breach of the law, irrespective
of the actual beneficiary of such a breach."
Based in Interfax reports
Grigory Yavlinsky confirms
his participation in the elections of the President of the RF
The Leader of the Yabloko party
confirmed that he would take part in the presidential elections
As he announced at a press conference on
December 17, 1999, the participation of Yabloko in these
elections is not simply related to presidential ambitions.
Yavlinsky said: "I have bigger ambitions. I would like
to be able to say in 20 years time that Russia was in a
situation when it had been humiliated, was rife with corruption
and crime, a war was going on and that Russia managed to
extricate itself from this hole and become a European country."
He also stressed that Yabloko considers
the election campaign to the State Duma to be part of the
presidential election campaign. The leader of Yabloko said
that Yabloko today had branches in 66 regions and 188 territorial
organisations, as well as lower level organisations throughout
the country. Yavlinsky added: "This is not simply a
step forward compared to 1996. Today we actually have a
He confirmed that his supporters in Moscow
would vote during the election of the Moscow Mayor according
to the principle of a "free vote".
Yavlinsky also stated that the party would
consider in January the potential party membership of Sergei
Stepashin who was listed as one of the three top leaders
of Yabloko in the electoral list.
Asked about Yabloko's alternative budget,
Yavlinsky responded that this budget would be discussed
during a forthcoming meeting with Prime Minister Vladimir
Putin. Yabloko's leader added: "During our last meeting
we agreed with Vladimir Putin that we should return to this
issue. We shall insist on a number of provisions in this
document, above all the provisions that refer to taxes and
Yavlinsky also said that the blocs "Fatherland-
All Russia", "Unity" and the CPRF have the
"same nature". Consequently Grigory Yavlinsky
forecast opposition between these forces in the new Duma.
He believes that such opposition would be linked to the
fact that: "there are many people, but little room
by the feeding trough."
Based on Interfax Reports.
Yabloko will not support Eugeni Primakov at presidential elections
Yabloko will not support Eugeni Primakov,
the leader of the "Fatherland - All Russia " bloc
(the OVR) at presidential elections in 2000, said Yabloko's
leader Grigory Yavlinsky.
"Yabloko will participate in the presidential
elections and we shall struggle for the victory", stressed
Grigory Yavlinsky in his interview to the "Ekho Moskvi"
radio station on December 17, 1999.
According to Grigory Yavlinsky Yabloko will
not be able to support Eugeni Primakov as a presidential
candidate not only because the association has its own candidate,
but also because Primakov's government did not show any
signs of struggling against the "manifestations of
fascism in Russia" and the "attempts of the communists
According to Grigory Yavlinsky, if Primakov
takes the same position while holding the presidential post,
"this will end by the return of the most reactionary
or coming into power of the new reactionary forces to power
"People who don't distinguish political
colours and who protect, as has been taking place in the
OVR, the governors directly violating laws and summoning
public actions against the decision of the Supreme Court
of Russia can not, from my and Yabloko's point of view,
claim the supreme power in Russia", said Grigory Yavlinsky.
Based on Interfax information
Yabloko is not the party of the authorities, itprotects the interests
of the citizens
The leader of Yabloko association, Grigory
Yavlinsky, says that todayonly one party in Russia does
not belong to the authorities."Today the political
situation in Russia is such that there is only one large
party in Russia that does not belong to the authorities
andprotects the interests of the citizens - this is Yabloko",
said Grigory Yavlinsky at a press conference on December
Yavlinsky stressed that: "We (Yabloko)
remained the last line ofdefence and we will not provide
anyone with an opportunity to pass it".
Grigory Yavlinsky also said that he was
satisfied by the results ofYabloko's electoral campaign.
He noted that "there are all the grounds for believing
that Yabloko will double its seats in the State Duma".
Commenting on the results of the Duma elections
in Russia, Yavlinsky said that "the authorities were
represented by two large blocs "Fatherland - All Russia"
(OVR) and "The Unity".
According to Yavlinsky, competition between
these two large camps represents "the main danger".
Yavlinsky thinks that if OVR and "The Unity" continue
their contest in the Duma, the latter will be paralysed.
According to Yavlinsky, a small-scale model of likely developments
was provided by the Legislative Assembly of St Petersburg.
The election campaign was also characterised
by another factor: "violation of laws became an everyday
practice for Russia's authorities".
Yavlinsky also thinks that it was most transparent
"again in St Petersburg, when the decision of the Supreme
Court failed to make the authorities obey the law".
Yavlinsky also said that: "mass-scale
violations of law" may leadto significant falsifications
of the elections. He also said that the party would consequently
do everything within its power to initiate prosecution of
Based on Interfax reports.